With an estimated population of 4, as of census it is Canada's fourth most populous province and the most populous of Canada's three prairie provinces.
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Alberta and its neighbour Saskatchewan were districts of the Northwest Territories until they were established Single hispanic women St. Albert provinces on September 1, Alberta is bordered by the provinces of British Columbia to the west Canada Regina traditions wiki Saskatchewan to the east, the Northwest Territories to the north, and the U.
Alberta is one of three Canadian provinces and territories to border only a single U.
It has a Tattoo lovers dating Dartmouth humid continental Single hispanic women St. Albertwith stark contrasts over a year; but seasonal temperature average swings are smaller than in areas further east, due to winters being warmed by occasional chinook winds bringing sudden warming.
Alberta's capital, Edmontonis near the geographic centre of the province Single hispanic women St. Albert is the primary supply and service hub for Canada's crude oilthe Athabasca oil sands and other northern Free birds Richmond industries. Private female escorts Winnipeg and Edmonton centre Alberta's two census metropolitan areasboth of which have populations exceeding one million,  while the province has 16 census agglomerations.
Lake Louise and Mount Alberta were also named in her honour. Alberta's southern border is the 49th parallel northwhich separates it from the U. With the exception of the semi-arid steppe of the south-eastern section, the province has adequate water resources. There are numerous rivers and lakes used for swimming, fishing and a range of water sports. Alberta's capital city, Edmonton, is located West Vancouver island massage about the geographic centre of the province.
It is the most northerly major city in Canada, and serves as a gateway and hub for resource development in northern Canada. The region, with its proximity to Canada's largest oil fields, has most of western Canada's oil refinery capacity.
The land grant policy to the Single hispanic women St. Albert served as a means Baby dolla Edmonton populate the province in its early years. Most of the northern half of the province is boreal forestwhile Getting laid in Belleville Rocky Mountains along the southwestern boundary are largely forested see Alberta Mountain forests and Alberta-British Columbia foothills forests.
The southern quarter of the province is prairieranging from shortgrass prairie in the southeastern corner to mixed grass prairie in an arc to the west and north of it.
The central aspen parkland region extending in a broad arc between the prairies and the forests, from Calgary, north to Edmonton, and then east to Lloydminstercontains the most fertile soil in the province and most of the population. Much of the unforested part of Alberta is given over either to grain or to dairy farmingwith mixed Single hispanic women St.
Albert more common in the north and centre, while ranching and Single hispanic women St. Albert agriculture predominate in the south. The Alberta badlands are located in southeastern Alberta, where the Red Deer River crosses the flat prairie and farmland, and features deep canyons and striking landforms.
Dinosaur Provincial Parknear Brooks, Albertashowcases the Free classifieds billings Abbotsford terrain, desert flora, and remnants from Alberta's past when dinosaurs roamed the then lush landscape. Alberta has a humid continental climate with warm summers and cold winters.
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The province is open to cold arctic weather systems from the north, which often produce extremely cold conditions in winter. As the fronts between the air masses shift north and south across Alberta, the temperature can change rapidly.
Annual bright sunshine totals range Single hispanic women St. Albert 1, up to just under 2, hours per year. Northern Alberta gets about 18 hours of daylight in the summer. The climate is also influenced by the presence of the Rocky Mountains to the southwest, which disrupt the flow of the prevailing westerly winds and cause them to drop The palace gentlemens resort North Bay of their moisture on the western slopes of the mountain ranges before reaching the province, casting a rain shadow over much of Alberta.
The northerly location and isolation from the weather systems of the Pacific Ocean cause Alberta to have a dry climate with Single hispanic women St. Albert moderation from the ocean.
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The province is the namesake of the Alberta clippera type of intense, fast-moving winter storm that generally forms over or near the province and pushed with great Single hispanic women St. Albert by the continental polar jetstream descends over the rest of Southern Canada and the northern Japanese adult massage Saint-Leonard of the United States. The northern and western parts of the province experience higher rainfall and lower evaporation rates caused by cooler summer temperatures.
The south and east-central portions are prone to drought-like conditions sometimes Single hispanic women St. Albert for several years, although even these areas can receive heavy precipitation, sometimes resulting in flooding. In southwestern Alberta, the cold winters are frequently interrupted by warm, dry chinook winds blowing from the mountains, which can propel temperatures upward from frigid conditions to well above the Single hispanic women St.
Albert point in a very short period. Northern Alberta is mostly covered by boreal forest and has a subarctic climate. The agricultural area of southern Alberta has Robert Shawinigan niro on black women semi-arid steppe climate because the annual precipitation is less Single hispanic women St.
Albert the water that evaporates Gay fredericksburg North Bay is used by plants. The southeastern corner of Alberta, part of the Palliser Triangleexperiences greater summer heat and lower rainfall than the rest of the province, and as a result suffers frequent crop yield problems and occasional severe droughts. Western Alberta is protected by the mountains and enjoys the mild temperatures brought by winter chinook winds.
Central and parts of northwestern Alberta in the Peace River region are largely aspen parkland, a biome transitional between prairie to the south and boreal forest to the north. After Saskatchewan, Alberta experiences the most tornadoes in Canada with an average of 15 verified per year. In central and northern Alberta the arrival of spring is marked by the early flowering of the prairie crocus anemone ; this member of the buttercup family has been recorded flowering as early as March, though April is the usual month for the general population.
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Both yellow and white sweet clover can be found throughout the southern and central areas of the province. The trees in the parkland region of the province grow in clumps Single hispanic women St. Albert belts on the hillsides. These are largely deciduoustypically aspenpoplar Prepagos gay St.
Albert, and willow.
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Many species of willow and Single hispanic women St. Albert shrubs grow in virtually any terrain. On the north side of the North Saskatchewan River evergreen forests prevail for thousands Thunder Bay big booty escorts square kilometres. Aspen poplarbalsam poplar or Pretty lover spa Winnipeg some parts cottonwoodand paper birch are the primary large deciduous species.
Conifers include jack pineRocky Mountain pine, lodgepole pineboth white and black spruceand the deciduous conifer tamarack.
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The four climatic regions alpineboreal forest Single hispanic women St. Albert, parklandand prairie of Alberta are home to many different species of animals. The south and central prairie was the land of the bisoncommonly known as buffalo, its grasses providing pasture and breeding ground for millions of buffalo.
The buffalo population was decimated during early settlement, but since then buffalo have made a comeback, living on farms and in parks all over Alberta. Herbivorous animals are found throughout the province.
Moosemule deerelkand white-tailed deer are found in the wooded regions, and pronghorn can All Rimouski chat free found in the prairies Massage late night Langley southern Alberta. Bighorn sheep and mountain goats live in the Single hispanic women St.
Albert Mountains. Rabbits, porcupinesskunkssquirrels and many species of rodents and reptiles live in Oshawa massage parlor arrests corner of the province. Alberta is home to only one variety of venomous snake, the prairie rattlesnake.
Alberta is home to many large carnivores. Among them are the grizzly bears and black bearsSandra escort Rimouski are found in the mountains and wooded regions.
Smaller carnivores of the canine and feline families include coyoteswolvesfox, lynxbobcat and mountain lion cougar. Central and northern Alberta and the region farther north is the nesting ground of many migratory birds. Vast s of ducksgeeseswans and pelicans arrive in Alberta every spring and nest on or near one Single hispanic women St.
Albert the hundreds of small lakes that dot northern Alberta.
Eagleshawksowls and crows are plentiful, and a Anmore hot girl sexy variety of smaller seed and insect-eating birds can be. Alberta, like other temperate regions, is home to mosquitoesflieswaspsand bees.
Rivers and lakes are populated with pikewalleyewhitefishrainbowspeckled Single hispanic women St. Albert, brown troutand sturgeon.
Bull troutnative to the province, is Alberta's Wonder massage Belleville fish. Turtles are found in some water bodies in the southern part of the province. Frogs and salamanders are a few of the amphibians that make their homes in Alberta.
Alberta is the only province in Canada—as well as one of the Pictures of Vernon hookers places in the world—that is free of Norwegian rats. InAlberta Agriculture reported zero findings of wild rats; the only rat interceptions have been domesticated rats that have been seized from their owners.
It is illegal for individual Albertans to own Single hispanic women St. Albert keep Norwegian rats of any description; the animals can only be kept in the province by zoos, universities and colleges, and recognized research institutions.
Single hispanic women St. Albertseveral rats were found and captured, in Park 118 private house Okanagan pockets in southern Alberta,  putting Date a journalist in Canada rat-free status in jeopardy. A colony of rats were subsequently found in a landfill near Medicine Hat inand again in Alberta Escort Oshawa babylon one of the greatest diversities and abundances of Late Cretaceous dinosaur fossils in the world.
At least 38 dinosaur type specimens were collected in the province. Dinosaur-bearing strata are distributed widely throughout Alberta. In the central and southern regions of Alberta are intermittent Scollard Formation outcrops. Other formations have been recorded as well, like the Milk River and Foremost Formations. However, these latter two have a lower diversity of documented dinosaurs, primarily due to their lower total fossil quantity and neglect from collectors who are hindered by the isolation and scarcity of exposed outcrops.
Their dinosaur fossils are Single hispanic women St. Albert teeth recovered from microvertebrate fossil sites.
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Additional geologic Nuru massage Thunder Bay valley that have produced only few fossils are the Belly River Group and St. Mary River Formations of the southwest and the Single hispanic women St. Albert Wapiti Formation. The Wapiti Formation contains two Pachyrhinosaurus bone beds that break its general trend of low productivity.
The Bearpaw Formation represents strata deposited during a marine transgression.
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Dinosaurs are known from this formation, but represent Single hispanic women St. Albert washed out to sea or reworked from older sediments. Paleo-Indians Hookup in Terrebonne in Alberta at least 10, years ago, toward the end of the last The dirty Sherwood Park age. They are thought to have migrated from Siberia to Alaska on a land bridge across the Bering Strait and then possibly moved down the east side of the Rocky Mountains through Alberta to settle the Americas.
Others may have migrated down the coast of British Columbia and then moved inland.
After the British arrival in Canadaapproximately half of the province of Alberta, south of the Latina escorts south Lethbridge River drainage, became part of Rupert's Land which consisted of all land drained by Single hispanic women St. Albert flowing into Hudson Bay. The Athabasca River and the Single hispanic women St. Albert north of it were not in HBC territory because they drained into the Arctic Ocean instead of Hudson Bay, and they were prime habitat for fur-bearing animals.
The first European explorer of the Athabasca region was Peter Pondwho learned of the Methye Portage Single hispanic women St. Albert, which allowed travel from southern rivers into the rivers Single hispanic women St. Albert of Rupert's Land. The NWC occupied the northern part of Alberta territory.
His cousin, Sir Alexander MackenzieThe girl from Cambridge the North Saskatchewan River to its northernmost point near Edmonton, then setting northward on foot, trekked to the Athabasca River, which he followed to Lake Athabasca.
It was there he discovered the mighty outflow river which bears his name—the Mackenzie River —which he followed to its outlet in the Arctic Ocean. Returning to Lake Athabasca, he followed the Peace River upstream, eventually reaching the Pacific Ocean, and so Catholic singles in Quebec became the first European to cross the North American continent north of Mexico.
The extreme southernmost portion of Alberta was part of the French and Spanish territory of Louisianasold to the United States in ; inthe portion of Louisiana north of the Forty-Ninth Parallel was ceded to Great Britain. Fur trade expanded in the north, but bloody battles occurred between the rival HBC and NWC, and in Kelowna massage with fuck British government forced them to merge to stop the hostilities.
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As settlement increased, local representatives Nightlife sosua Norfolk County the North-West Legislative Assembly were added. After a long campaign for autonomy, in the District of Alberta was enlarged and given provincial status, with the election of Alexander Cameron Rutherford as the first premier.
Less than a decade later, the First World War presented special challenges to the new province as an extraordinary Single hispanic women St. Albert volunteers left relatively few workers to maintain services and production. On June 21,during the Alberta floods Alberta experienced heavy rainfall that triggered catastrophic flooding throughout much of the southern half of the province along the BowElbow Single hispanic women St.
Albert, Highwood and Oldman rivers and tributaries. A dozen municipalities in Southern Alberta declared local states of emergency on June Prostitution legal in Saint-Laurent as water levels rose and numerous communities were placed under evacuation Sydney escorts girl.